Definition – What exactly does Concrete Repair entail? Basically, concrete repair is the procedure to repair a concrete surface that, has weakened from external environmental exposure or damage over time. In other words, it’s the act of patching or strengthening a concrete body that is no longer capable of holding together and instead is becoming visibly or physically weak. These repairs can be done on a one-by-one basis to single concrete sections or over large sections at a time. It is also possible to repair entire concrete structures; however, this requires specialized equipment such as loaders, jackhammers, and cranes, among others. The procedures involved with concrete repairs tend to vary depending on the extent or severity of the damage, as well as the actual condition of the concrete itself.
Common Causes – Cracks, splits, and breaks are some of the most common causes of cracks in concrete surfaces. This is because these small cracks allow air pockets to form where they are less likely to be detected when they have first formed, which means that the damage they cause to a structure is more likely to occur later on when the affected area is significantly damp or moist. Dampness and moisture can be caused by leaks or other types of water penetration such as heavy rains or snowstorms. Other possible causes include underground molds, fungi, algae, or certain types of algae. Regardless, of their cause, cracks, and splits that appear in different areas of a concrete surface need to be looked at by a professional to ensure that the correct concrete repair techniques are being used.
How Can You Repair A Cracked Concrete Surface?
Before beginning any concrete repair process, you should make sure that the area where the crack or split is located is properly cleaned and dried to prevent further damage. As soon as this has been accomplished you should apply a sealant to the area to prevent moisture from penetrating it. The next step in repairing a damaged concrete surface is to remove all existing debris from the damaged area and the affected area. Once all debris has been removed, use a heavy-duty brush with steel wool pads to thoroughly scrub the affected area. After this scrubbing and heavy-duty brushing, allow the area to dry completely.
Epoxy Fortified Concrete Repairs
If your cracked or broken concrete has begun to absorb excess moisture and is starting to rust, then you may need to seek the assistance of structural concrete repair professionals. They can apply an epoxy mixture to your affected area using a rotary tool or rotary cement roller to fill in the cracks. The epoxy will begin to slowly penetrate the area, providing an anti-slip surface. The next step of the epoxy repair process is to clean the surface with a chemical paint remover. The paint will provide an excellent sealant for the newly applied epoxy mixture. Allow the paint to set for the time specified on the label.
Concrete Edging Repairs
If you notice that your existing concrete has become uneven and is bulging from cracks or sharp edges, you may want to repair the problem before it gets worse. Small cracks and crevices can often be filled in with epoxy or other resin-based resin paints. This repair method should be done on an interior edge only as small cracks can seep into the interior concrete if the repair is done outside. It is important to repair the sides of the crack and not the entire width of the crack.
In addition to repairing small cracks in concrete, large exterior cracks can often be filled in with epoxy or resin. Large cracks in concrete are more difficult to deal with, but some concrete contractors incorporate steel piers to the ground to provide a new, strong layer of soil to help shore up new cracks. The piers are anchored to the ground using steel ties or rebar. The new soil is usually mixed prior to installation to create a firm but flexible soil base.
Concrete Repair And Restoration
After any concrete restoration work, always check with the local building code officials to ensure that your repair methods are allowed by your city or neighborhood. While all concrete restoration methods are not allowed, some of the most common methods include filling in cracks with mortar, applying new concrete to an existing space, repairing damage from vandalism, and adding decorative elements like stone or brick to a damaged area. In addition, there are many ways that you can enhance the appearance of an area through the use of concrete. Some of these enhancements can actually increase the value of the property too!
Overall, concrete works and can be a very durable surface. When properly restored, you can enjoy years of use with little maintenance. Most small repairs made from time to time are easy to repair and can be completed by a homeowner without any special equipment. However, larger repairs should be left to experienced concrete contractors.